Here are a few of the projects that Urban Wildlife Working Group members are involved in. They are listed in alphabetical order and include projects that focus on specific taxa (i.e., mountain lions) as well as organizations that have more general research that focuses on many urban wildlife species. Click on the project title to be directed to websites dedicated to the projects. Most of these projects are ongoing, long-term work while a few are already completed projects.
The Cook County Coyote Project is an ongoing comprehensive study of coyotes in Chicago metropolitan areas. With the help of many agencies*, we capture, collar, and monitor coyotes in order to understand how they live in urban areas as well as interact with other wildlife and domestic animals.
Go to the website (link above) to find out more information on the study (including objectives, methods, and application), information about urban coyotes (including how to co-exist with them and avoid conflicts), and a snapshot of the lives of the coyotes they track.
By providing the public with our research, they initiate the first step of coyote management- educating the public and untangling facts from myths. People should become aware of coyote signs and understand the differences between true threats and coexistence.
The ongoing Edmonton Urban Coyote Project is a multi-faceted study on coyotes from in the lab of Dr. Colleen Cassady St. Clair at the University of Alberta in Canada. We are collecting information in three main areas: coyote movement and habitat selection, diet of coyotes, and the knowledge and perceptions of residents about coyotes. We use GPS collars to track coyotes and we analyze their scat to learn how they use and move through the urban landscape. We wish to provide information that will promote positive interactions between people and wildlife while minimizing the need for lethal management of coyotes.
If urban and landscape planners are to successfully incorporate the needs of wildlife into greenway planning and design, they must have some idea of which characteristics of greenways contribute to their wildlife habitat value. Greenways for Wildlife is a completed project that sought to address this need by establishing design guidelines for greenways in the language of landscape and urban planners. We developed recommendations on how forest corridor width, adjacent development intensity, and other factors can be managed to attract a variety of wildlife. The findings of this important work can be found summarized on the project webpage.
The ongoing Santa Cruz Puma Project conducts research on puma behavioral, physiological, demographic and ecological responses to habitat fragmentation in the Santa Cruz Mountains, California. The primary goals of the project are to develop a state-of-the-art accelerometer wildlife-tracking collar and investigate impacts of fragmentation on puma behavior, reproduction, movement and species interactions. The SCPP has a robust community outreach program and disseminates its findings through public lectures and educational field trips.
These ongoing, long-term projects are conducted in Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area that straddles Los Angeles and Ventura Counties. In this park, National Park Service biologists have a long-term bobcat and mountain lion study, and have also studied coyotes in the past, and hope to do so again in the future. The projects involve the capture, radio-collaring/ear-tagging, and sample collection from mountain lions and bobcats. Thirty-one mountain lions have been captured since 2002 while more than 300 bobcats have been samples. Goals of the research initially focused on understanding how the ecology of these carnivores, and have expanded to genetics, disease, and pesticide studies as well.
Utilizing Lincoln Park Zoo’s diverse scientific specialties, the Urban Wildlife Institute studies the interaction between urban development and the natural ecosystem to develop scientific standards for minimizing conflict between these overlapping areas. Landscape ecology, population biology, epidemiology, endocrinology, veterinary medicine and other core disciplines contribute to an increased understanding of ecosystem health in an urban setting. The Urban Wildlife Institute aims to use Chicago as a model for urban areas struggling to deal with wildlife relocation, rehabilitation, disease and conflicts. A recent news article highlighted the Urban Wildlife Institute's work.
The Washington Urban–Wildland Carnivore Project is exploring ways to promote coexistence among humans and carnivores in King County, Washington. A collaboration between Woodland Park Zoo and the University of Washington, the research explores how carnivores respond to urbanization and human activity by studying where and when they occur, what they eat, and what happens to the system when apex carnivores are absent. As human development continues to expand, research on species that occur within the urban–wildland gradient helps set the stage for land-use planning, public education, outreach and conservation. We are deploying remote cameras and collecting scat samples in forest patches on federal, state, municipal and private lands along a gradient of human development intensity, from urban to wildland.
Communities around the United States are coping with a rise in deer-related problems, such as deer-vehicle collisions, tick-borne illnesses and costly damage to landscaping and property. The Community Deer Advisor provides support to local leaders who are searching for practical guidance to navigate the contentious deer management issues emerging in their home towns.
The Community Deer Advisor is a collaboration between Cornell University’s Department of Natural Resources (Human Dimensions Research Unit and Natural Resources Extension) and The Nature Conservancy. This work was supported in part by Cornell University's David R. Atkinson Center for a Sustainable Future (ACSF), and The Nature Conservancy' Science Impact Project and the Cox Family Fund for Science and Research.
The Urban Fishing Cats Conservation project studies fishing cats in the wetlands of Colombo, Sri Lanka. The first objective of our research is to understand and document the current status of fishing cats in Colombo’s urban wetlands, during post-war development with the use of camera traps and sign surveys. The second is to understand the behaviour of these cats in these urban habitats, particularly in regards to movement, activity patterns, and space use. The findings of the study will deepen our understanding of the ecology of the species. We will thus be able to use the fishing cat as a flagship species to conduct conservation awareness and education programs on the importance of urban wetlands. The data we gather during this project will also assist policy makers to identify and design a sustainable system of green corridors and other infrastructure that will help convert Colombo into a “green city”.